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Australia and the United Nations criminal justice system

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

Australia is a party to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.

The convention is the main international instrument on transnational organized crime.

It recognises the very serious harm caused by transnational organized crime, and the need for countries to work together to fight this crime effectively.

States that ratify this instrument commit to taking a series of measures to tackle transnational organized crime, including the creation of domestic criminal offences and the adoption of extradition, mutual legal assistance and law enforcement cooperation frameworks.

Australia is also a party to two supplementary protocols to the convention: the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children and the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air.

These protocols deal specifically with two very serious forms of transnational organized crime – the trafficking in persons and the smuggling of migrants respectively.

The Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto promotes and reviews the convention and its protocols.

Australia plays an active role at the biennial meetings of the conference and also participates in the various working groups.

For more information, visit the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime website.

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

This commission guides the activities of the United Nations in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice.

It takes action through resolutions and decisions.

The commission acts as the governing body of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Australia attends the annual meetings of the commission as an observer and plays an active role in the discussions and consultations on resolutions.

For more information, visit the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime website.