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Submissions for this consultation closed on Monday, 1 May 2017

On 4 April 2017, the Minister for Justice, the Hon Michael Keenan MP, released a public consultation paper on proposed reforms to Australia’s foreign bribery regime.

Foreign bribery is inherently difficult to detect and enforce. Offending is often offshore, with evidence hard to identify and obtain. It can be easily concealed—with bribes disguised as agent fees or other seemingly legitimate expenses.

Australia has been a committed party to the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions (the Anti-Bribery Convention) since 1999. The Anti-Bribery Convention obliges States parties to criminalise the bribery of foreign public officials and implement a range of related measures to make this criminalisation effective.

Australia has given effect to these obligations through the foreign bribery offence in section 70.2 of the Criminal Code Act 1995, which carries significant penalties for individuals and companies. The offence in its current form poses challenges for typical cases of foreign bribery, which may involve the use of third party agents or intermediaries, instances of wilful blindness by senior management to activities occurring within their companies and a lack of readily available written evidence.

The Australian Government is exploring possible reform options to improve the effectiveness of the offence in addressing foreign bribery, and to remove unnecessary barriers to successful prosecution. The proposed Exposure Draft provisions are available below:

The following public consultation paper sought comment on possible new offences of recklessly bribing a foreign public official and failure to prevent foreign bribery:

These reforms would create an incentive for companies to implement more effective measures to prevent bribery and promote a culture of integrity. It would also involve guidance for business on effective compliance programs to prevent bribery. Work is also underway in relation to a proposed model for a deferred prosecution agreement scheme in Australia, which may assist with enforcement of the foreign bribery offence.


Submissions to the foreign bribery consultation paper closed on 1 May 2017. We received 16 submissions and copies of the submissions are available below.

If you experience accessibility issues with any documents on this page, please contact foreign.bribery@ag.gov.au for an alternate version.