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Program 1.2: National Security and Criminal Justice

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Major achievements

National response to organised crime and corruption

The department leads work under the Organised Crime Strategic Framework to combat serious and organised crime which is estimated to cost the Australian community over $15 billion a year. Recognising government cannot fight serious and organised crime alone, the department continues to work in partnership with other Australian Government agencies to build effective relationships with the private sector to identify vulnerabilities and prevent and disrupt criminal activity. The department coordinated and developed a number of measures to combat gangs and organised crime including:

  • establishment of a National Anti-Gang Taskforce to fight gang-related crime across Australia
  • measures to target crime hotspots through the National Crime Prevention Fund
  • development of an Australian Ballistic Identification Network to analyse firearms that are seized from criminals
  • establishment of the National Border Targeting Centre to target high-risk passengers and cargo
  • improving legislation supporting law enforcement agencies to prevent, detect and respond to corruption and infiltration by organised crime
  • developing proposals for national reform options for responding to new psychoactive substances or 'synthetic' drugs, and to the threat posed by illegal firearms
  • strengthening legislation to support the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service and AusCheck to reinforce aviation and maritime sectors and the supply chain against infiltration from organised criminal groups.

As a state party to the United Nations Convention Against Corruption, Australia led a review of Tanzania's and the Netherlands' compliance with the Convention.

Following the implementation of appropriate accountability mechanisms by each state, the Victorian Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission and the South Australian Independent Commissioner Against Corruption were declared to be interception agencies for the purposes of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979.

Working globally

The department continues to work with partner countries across the Asia–Pacific region and in Africa to strengthen laws, processes and the capacity of officials to combat transnational crime. Key focus areas include people smuggling, human trafficking, terrorism and money laundering as well as domestic crime and promoting international crimefighting cooperation. For example, the department worked with Pakistan and Indonesia to strengthen counter-terrorism laws. Building a strong regional legal framework on agreed international standards helps to create a coordinated effort to tackling transnational crime, as well as promoting a stable and secure region.

Under the Pacific Police Development Program, the department has worked closely with the Governments of Nauru, Kiribati, the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu to modernise police laws to improve governance and accountability measures and to promote a community policing model which will foster safe, stable and secure communities. The department continues to deploy 11 officers to Papua New Guinea's justice agencies under the Strongim Gavman Program to improve the delivery of law and justice services and support the rule of law in Papua New Guinea. Further, the department is assisting Papua New Guinea to strengthen its anti-money laundering and proceeds of crime framework including through a joint review of proceeds of crime legislation and assistance with prosecution services' capacity.

In Africa, the department delivered a set of transnational crime guides for the African Union to provide a practical and accessible tool for policy makers in African Union member countries to develop effective legal frameworks on particular areas of transnational crime.

In 2012-13 the department developed an international strategy to encompass the increasingly broad nature of international connections in its day-to-day work. A dynamic framework has been put in place for the department to take a more strategic and joined-up approach to international work and maximise its influence and results.

Australia and New Zealand exchange of criminal history information

The Governments of Australia and New Zealand established a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) setting up a trial for the exchange of criminal history information for employment vetting purposes. The MOU is aimed at addressing the need for employers to have access to timely and accurate background information on potential employees regardless of where the information is held. The department is working with other agencies to trial processes to expedite and simplify consensual background check requests between the two jurisdictions, in compliance with relevant laws.

International crime cooperation

A number of extradition cases continue to engage the interest of the Australian and international communities, including Croatia's request for Daniel Snedden (also known as Dragan Vasiljkovic), who is wanted to face prosecution for alleged war crimes. Another matter that attracted significant public interest was Tobechi Onwuhara, who was surrendered to the United States to face prosecution for fraud offences.

In a trend consistent with the past five years, the department saw an increase in the number of requests made by Australia to foreign countries for mutual assistance in criminal matters. A large number of requests were made in urgent circumstances to support ongoing drug operations by Australian law enforcement agencies.

Legislative amendments were drafted to ensure Australian authorities are equipped with the appropriate tools to assist foreign counterparts in the investigation and prosecution of serious criminal offences, while maintaining appropriate safeguards.

In the international transfer of prisoners program, the department recently revised a sentence enforcement policy which will guide government in its decision making about terms and conditions for prisoners transferring to serve their sentences in their home country.

Federal offenders management

The department carried out its responsibilities for administering the sentences of federal offenders and advising government on petitions to exercise the Royal Prerogative of Mercy and applications to appeal cases. This includes decisions about the release of federal prisoners on parole, breaches of parole conditions, applications for early release on licence, forensic mental health cases, interstate transfer of federal prisoners and applications by parolees to travel overseas. In the reporting period the department facilitated 305 government decisions about the release of federal prisoners.

Combating people smuggling

The department amended legislation to ensure Australia's framework for investigating, prosecuting and sentencing people smugglers is fair, efficient and effective, including:

  • specifying that the prosecution bears the onus of proof in establishing age where age is contested
  • ensuring that state and territory courts imposing sentences for people smuggling offences take into account time served in immigration detention and on remand
  • simplifying evidentiary requirements through the use of evidentiary certificates as prima facie evidence.

The department worked through the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime and with a range of countries including Pakistan, Indonesia and Sri Lanka, to strengthen their laws to combat people smuggling and transnational crime, including anti-money laundering and proceeds of crime.

Slavery and human trafficking

The department worked with countries through the Bali Process to strengthen legal frameworks and capacity to combat human trafficking and related transnational crime.

We developed legislation to criminalise slavery and human trafficking. New offences relating to forced marriage, harbouring a victim, forced labour and organ trafficking were created and the existing application of offences of sexual servitude and deceptive recruiting for sexual services were expanded. The department extended the protection of vulnerable witnesses for victims of slavery and trafficking, and introduced a scheme for victim impact statements.

Cybersecurity, cybercrime and protecting privacy

The Australian public expects to be able visit Australian websites without the worry of cybercriminals stealing their information through identity theft, fraud or malicious software. Through CERT Australia (the national computer emergency response team), the department works with Australian businesses to help reduce occurrences of cyber-attacks. CERT Australia uses its sources of information to identify compromised Australian websites, advises the website owners and assists them to identify and remove malicious code from their websites.

Cybersecurity and cybercrime are issues of national and international significance that can have serious economic and social consequences. Responsibility for combating these threats is shared by all Australian jurisdictions. The department led the development of a National Plan to Combat Cybercrime in collaboration with relevant national, state and territory agencies, to unify and align current and future efforts throughout the country. The National Plan notes the introduction of mandatory data breach notification laws, which will create an obligation on government agencies and private sector organisations to notify serious data breach incidents to affected individuals and the Office of the Australian Information Commissioner.

The department has been working to ensure Australia can cooperate effectively with international partners in the global fight against cybercrime. In March 2013, Australia became a Party to the Council of Europe's Convention on Cybercrime. This was the culmination of work undertaken by the department over a number of years to ensure Australia had in place the necessary legislation and international crime cooperation mechanisms. The Convention's main objectives are to harmonise criminal laws and improve international cooperation in respect of cybercrime.

Cybersecurity and cybercrime

On 1 March 2013 Australia ratified the leading international instrument on combating cybercrime, the Council of Europe's Convention on Cybercrime. As a party, Australia's agencies can cooperate more closely with agencies in other countries, including the US, UK, Japan and most European countries.

The department is developing the Australian Cybercrime Online Reporting Network as part of a comprehensive plan to address the emerging threat posed by technology-enabled criminal activity, as well as working with the banking industry to establish a National Fraud Exchange to identify and combat fraud against Australian consumers.

CERT Australia (Australia's national computer emergency response team) developed the first annual Cyber Crime and Security Survey which examined cybersecurity experiences of 260 business partners, who own and operate systems of national interest.

The department brought together the most senior government officials in a regular forum to consider operational cybersecurity and related issues, including overseeing the development and operations of the new Australian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC). The Centre is co-located in a new facility with CERT Australia and other Australian Government cybersecurity agencies.

CERT Australia signed agreements on information sharing and operational collaboration with its counterparts in China and Japan and worked closely with counterparts in Singapore on regional engagement with ASEAN countries on cyber incident responses. CERT Australia participated in the US-hosted international cybersecurity exercise, and hosted an annual conference bringing together counterparts from across the Asia–Pacific to collaborate on regional cybersecurity issues and initiatives.

Counter-terrorism

The department is progressing the ongoing review of counter-terrorism laws by:

  • working closely with the Independent National Security Legislation Monitor
  • providing secretariat support to the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Review of Counter-Terrorism Legislation.

Legislation providing for financial assistance to Australian victims of overseas terrorism commenced in January 2013. After consultation with key stakeholders, the department developed principles to guide the quantum of payments under this regime.

The department led the establishment of the position of Independent Reviewer of Adverse Security Assessments. The role includes reviewing and making recommendations based on available material to the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation about people in immigration detention who have been determined to be owed protection but who are currently the subject of adverse security assessments.

A number of terrorist organisations were listed under the Criminal Code, including:

  • the re-listing of Al Shabaab, Hamas Izz' al-Din al Qassam Brigades, Kurdistan Workers' Party, Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, and Palestinian Islamic Jihad
  • the listing of Jabhat al-Nusra.

Through the Australia-New Zealand Counter-Terrorism Committee (ANZCTC), the department led work to develop Australia's national counter-terrorism capability. This included skills enhancement training, coordination and delivery of a national exercise program, planning, policy development and procurement aimed at building effective inter-jurisdictional and inter-agency cooperation, prevention and response capability.

The department streamlined the ANZCTC business model to:

  • reduce the timeframe between the identification of risk and subsequent response
  • improve ANZCTC's ability to provide strategic advice to government
  • ensure resources are aligned with the highest priorities and greatest risks.

Identity security

The department led efforts to implement the revised National Identity Security Strategy (NISS), including through a stocktake of major identity credentials, an education and awareness project, development of a national identity crime measurement framework and development of a national biometrics interoperability framework.

The department continued to improve the national Document Verification Service (DVS) which enhances the strength of identity proofing and transition to online service delivery. During the reporting period uptake of the service has significantly expanded, including by state and territory agencies. Further work is being undertaken to make DVS services available for private sector use.

Critical infrastructure

The department continues to implement the Australian Government Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy which seeks to enhance the resilience of Australia's critical infrastructure to ensure continued provision of essential services in the face of all hazards. Working in partnership with industry, the department hosted a third annual conference to examine and discuss key issues affecting the resilience of critical infrastructure. The department also hosted a workshop for critical infrastructure owners and operators to enhance understanding of cross sectoral dependencies and the potential impact of emerging issues, including the risks and impacts of offshoring business and information functions, the impact of a major water contamination and disruptions to global navigation satellite systems.

The department has continued to enhance the security and resilience of submarine telecommunications cables by working with industry and government agencies to improve regulatory and operational arrangements in Australia. Recognising that submarine cables provide over 95 per cent of the world's international telecommunications connectivity, the department has partnered with the International Cable Protection Committee to raise awareness of cable protection issues, and is leading APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) initiatives to identify and address regulatory barriers to cable security and resilience.

Critical Infrastructure Program for Modelling and Analysis

Key projects undertaken by the Critical Infrastructure Program for Modelling and Analysis (CIPMA) included examining water supply, disruptions to the national energy sector and the impact of natural hazards on a range of critical infrastructure networks. CIPMA modelling provides 'virtual insight' into the economic and social impacts of disruptions to services — whether caused by natural or human disasters. This has two results: first it allows owners and operators of critical infrastructure to use the information collected to prepare, prevent, respond to or recover from an adverse event and second it will inform relevant government policies in this area.

During the reporting period, CIPMA further developed its modelling capability. This included strengthened relations with key international partners and the development of a formal arrangement to work in close collaboration with the SMART Infrastructure Facility at the University of Wollongong.

Chemicals of security concern

The department launched a campaign to raise awareness among industry and the public about the nature of chemicals of security concern and the risks posed. Significant achievements include:

  • completion of chemical security risk assessments for security sensitive ammonium nitrate, the waste disposal sector and most agricultural and veterinary chemicals
  • finalisation of a draft National Code of Practice for 11 chemical precursors to homemade explosives
  • commencement of planning to harmonise state and territory laws covering security sensitive ammonium nitrate.

Emergency management

The department continued to support implementation of the National Strategy for Disaster Resilience. Significant national emergency management projects developed under the National Strategy included:

  • developing a Community Engagement Framework to provide nationally agreed guidance on community engagement in an emergency management context
  • revision of the National Emergency Risk Assessment Guideline sand development of a Practice Guide and Training Course
  • the production of public versions of state-wide risk assessment information
  • phased implementation of the location-based mobile telephone emergency warning capability
  • completing a project under the National Work Program for Flood Mapping to develop technical specifications for the outputs of flood risk modelling and mapping
  • implementing the National Emergency Management Volunteer Action Plan 2012.

Public safety mobile broadband

The department continues to work with states and territories on the development of a mobile broadband communications capability specifically for Australia's police, fire, ambulance and emergency services (public safety) agencies to exchange high-speed and high-volume data.

Establishment of the Bushfire and Natural Hazards Cooperative Research Centre

The department worked closely with key partners on the establishment of the new Bushfire and Natural Hazards Cooperative Research Centre (BNHCRC) which commenced operations on 1 July 2013. It will conduct coordinated and interdisciplinary research, including working with communities, to improve disaster resilience and reduce the human, social, economic and environmental costs of bushfires and other natural hazards.

The National Strategy for Disaster Resilience

Natural hazards are a fact of life in Australia. In recent years, more frequent weather events, an ageing demographic, urbanisation and population shifts towards high-risk areas have all combined to increase Australia's risk exposure. To be prepared for future catastrophic events, we need to plan and prepare, increasing our knowledge, skills and experience. Investigations into past disasters provide important insights on how to mitigate the impacts of recurring events.

The National Strategy for Disaster Resilience provides a strategic framework for a national resilience-based approach to disaster management. Over the last year a range of actions have been initiated that bring the strategy's aims to life, such as:

  • establishment of the Bushfire and Natural Hazards Cooperative Research Centre
  • delivery of a community engagement framework
  • publication of state-wide risk assessment information
  • implementation of location-based mobile telephone emergency warning capability
  • development of technical specifications for flood risk modelling and mapping
  • delivery of the National Emergency Management Volunteer Action Plan.

Under the strategy, the department funds the National Emergency Management Projects grant program, which supports projects of national significance that address emergency management capability gaps. Twenty-nine projects were funded in 2012-13 in every state and territory, with initiatives spanning a diverse range of capabilities — from volunteer management to impact assessment and measurement of community resilience.

As implementation of the strategy continues, risk mitigation will remain a national priority, and the department will work further with states and territories to improve engagement with the private sector and vulnerable communities.

National emergency management projects

To further the National Strategy for Disaster Resilience(discussed above), the department funded eighteen projects to address significant capability gaps and minimise the adverse effects of disasters. For example, the Torrens Institute Community Resilience Tool-Kit supports engagement between local governments and communities to measure their resilience to all hazards in order to inform the development of community action plans to address vulnerabilities.

National aerial firefighting capability

The department managed funding for the National Aerial Firefighting Centre (NAFC) which is responsible for the national coordination of resources and sharing of aerial firefighting equipment between jurisdictions. Over the 2012–13 bushfire season, it is estimated that the national fleet made over 11,000 drops to deliver more than 20 million litres of suppressant or retardant to fires — double the amount of last year. As in previous years, the national fleet was comprehensively involved in responding to flood and storm events.

All hazards crisis response

Emergency Management Australia has worked with state and territory agencies to develop and maintain a national capability of Emergency Management Assistance Teams (EMAT), which can be deployed to support and sustain jurisdictional emergency management operations. EMAT provides emergency management capability in support of emergency response and recovery activities during heightened times of crises. The capability was successfully deployed in Queensland to support operations during the 2013 ex-tropical Cyclone Oswald flooding event.

Australian Government Crisis Coordination

The Australian Government Crisis Coordination Centre (CCC) coordinates the national level response and recovery efforts to natural and man-made emergencies in Australia.

During 2012–13, the CCC worked closely with its counterparts from the states and territories to contribute to whole-of-government situational awareness and coordinate Australian Government assistance following a number of bushfires and severe weather events across Australia. This involved ongoing engagement with state and territory crisis centres and emergency management organisations.

The CCC plays a support role during consular and humanitarian emergencies overseas. During 2012-13, the CCC supported the New South Wales Fire and Rescue's Urban Search and Rescue Team becoming an internationally accredited unit, as well as the deployment of a medical assistance team to the Solomon Islands as part of an AusAID led response to a dengue fever outbreak.

The Australian Government Crisis Coordination Centre  

The Australian Government Crisis Coordination Centre

National security capability development

National security capability plan

The increasing complexity of national security threats requires a more integrated approach to capability planning that complements existing individual national security agency arrangements. To that end, the department led the development of the first National Security Capability Plan to provide a single, consolidated picture of the capabilities that collectively enable Australia to achieve national security outcomes. The plan provides a comprehensive view of all the tools available to government to understand the strategic environment and withstand and respond to threats to Australia's national interest.

National security fusion capability

The department is working closely with national security agencies to develop greater interoperability between national security agencies and enhanced opportunities for inter-agency collaboration in managing our national security risks.

Protective security and background checking

During the reporting period, AusCheck completed:

  • 71,594 background checks for the Aviation Security Identification Card scheme
  • 38,333 background checks for the Maritime Security Identification Card scheme
  • 189 background checks for the National Health Security checking scheme.

Sixty requests were received for access to the AusCheck database for information for national security or law enforcement purposes.

The Protective Security Training College (PSTC) continued to provide accredited protective security, risk management and government investigation training. The college hosted 450 students from 80 organisations. A range of customised training solutions were provided to national and state government agencies.

The department worked closely with other agencies on the transition to the Australian Government's Protective Security Policy Framework (PSPF). The introduction of the PSPF represents a significant shift towards a more risk-based approach to protective security.

The department hosted the 24th Security in Government (SIG) conference where 390 delegates and 260 exhibitors and sponsors attended informative presentations on key threats to national security, such as cyber espionage and the insider threat.

The department strengthened the Australian Government's cybersecurity by requiring agencies to implement the Australian Signals Directorate's top four strategies to mitigate cyber intrusion. The Australian Signals Directorate advises that at least 85 per cent of the targeted cyber intrusions to which it responds could be prevented by following these strategies.

The department has introduced policies and guidelines for the storage and processing of Australian Government information in offshore and outsourced facilities which will support the management of cybersecurity risks in relation to citizens' personal information.

Together with the Director-General of Security and the Director of the Australian Signals Directorate, the department actively promoted and enhanced a culture of protective security across government and with business partners. Decision makers were encouraged to consider the benefits of the PSPF in protecting their people, information and assets. A number of states and territories, and many Commonwealth companies, have or are in the process of adopting practices consistent with the PSPF.

Evaluations and reviews

AusCheck Client Satisfaction Survey 2013

AusCheck conducts an annual client satisfaction survey which reported high levels of client satisfaction with its services. This year, the AusCheck independent client satisfaction survey reported 91 per cent of respondents as agreeing or strongly agreeing that AusCheck's services are of high quality. This outcome represents a result that accords with AusCheck's previous high levels of client satisfaction.

Review of the National Partnership Agreement on Natural Disaster Resilience

A review of the National Partnership Agreement (NPA) on Natural Disaster Resilience was undertaken in collaboration with state and territory governments. The review found the current NPA served as an effective first step for:

  • collaboration on natural disaster mitigation activities
  • strengthening communities' resilience to a range of natural disasters in Australia
  • providing a dedicated source of funding for volunteer specific activities.

Independent National Security Legislation Monitor's (INSLM) Second Annual Report

The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor's (INSLM) Second Annual Report was tabled this year. It made a number of recommendations on the operation, effectiveness and implications of counter-terrorism and national security legislation. In particular, recommendations were made for changes to the definition of a 'terrorist act' and the repeal of some of the preventative and intelligence-gathering powers enacted in the early and mid-2000s.

Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Review of Counter-Terrorism Laws

The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Review Report was tabled in May 2013. It made 47 recommendations relating to the national and state and territory counter-terrorism laws that were enacted after the 2005 London bombings. Significant recommendations included clarification of some offences, additional safeguards for the control order regime and the repeal of the preventative detention provisions. COAG has referred the report to the Australian and New Zealand Counter-Terrorism Committee to develop a response.

Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security inquiry into potential reforms of national security legislation

The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security considered potential reforms to national security legislation and examined agencies' capacity to perform their functions in a changing technological environment with appropriate safeguards and accountabilities. At the time of writing, an Australian Government response to the report was being developed.

Evaluation of the Commonwealth Organised Crime Strategic Framework

The department sponsored an independent evaluation of the Commonwealth Organised Crime Strategic Framework which was found to have assisted key agencies in strategic planning and enhanced cooperation and information sharing between agencies. This included harnessing the skills and tools of agencies not traditionally considered part of the law enforcement community, such as the Australian Taxation Office and the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre. The report contained recommendations about greater engagement with industry and greater emphasis on prevention and vulnerabilities.

Performance results

Table 2.9: Performance results, Program 1.2

Key performance indicators
Results
National leadership and coordination on identity security policy, including whole-of-government leadership for the National Identity Security Strategy
Achieved

A revised National Identity Security Strategy (NISS) was developed and endorsed by the Council of Australian Governments which will support improved coordination of identity security policy.

Implementation of key projects under the NISS and enhancement of the Document Verification Service (DVS) will improve operational elements of Australia's identity security.
A coordinated legal, policy and operational framework to provide a resilience-based Prevention Preparation Response Recovery (PPRR) approach to disasters, including support to crisis coordination and decision making
Substantially achieved

The National Strategy for Disaster Resilience is a national policy framework for a whole-of-government approach to building disaster resilience in Australia. The Strategy guides a broad program of national reform work, and complements many other initiatives undertaken by states and territories in their respective jurisdictions. Implementation of the Strategy is an evolving and ongoing process to deliver sustained behavioural change and enduring partnerships.
Provision and support of a relevant and consistent protective security environment across government
Substantially achieved

Reporting requirements for compliance with the Protective Security Policy Framework (PSPF) have been established and will be operational in August 2013.

Consultations on extension of the PSPF to Commonwealth companies have commenced to ensure a more consistent approach across government bodies.

The protective security environment is further enhanced through the provision of training and awareness raising of contemporary issues through the annual Security in Government conference.
Degree of engagement by state, territory and Australian Government agencies in building national security capability and capacity
Achieved

The department continues to lead collaboration with a number of national, state and territory agencies in building national security and capability including through:
  • working to develop a mobile broadband communications capability, and other communications projects
  • continued implementation of the National Identity Security Strategy and enhancement of the Document Verification Service (DVS)
  • development of a national biometric interoperability framework
  • reforms in critical infrastructure protection, including through providing advice on cybersecurity threats and vulnerabilities.
The department supported engagement through the Australia-New Zealand Counter-Terrorism Committee and Australia-New Zealand Emergency Management Committee activities, including:
  • enhancing the protection of critical infrastructure and places of mass gathering
  • disaster resilience capability projects, such as a bar-code scanning system to track patients and casualties of major disaster incidents.
A legal and policy framework that builds community confidence and facilitates effective action to prevent and respond to national security challenges
Achieved

The effectiveness of the legal framework is kept under ongoing review, including by the Independent National Security Legislation Monitor, and amendments are progressed to respond to practical issues identified as a result of the operation of the legislation.

A report by the COAG Review of Counter-Terrorism Legislation found that counter-terrorism trials and prosecutions to date are a clear recognition that the laws have proved effective and necessary.
Enhanced community and stakeholder confidence in and understanding of the national security legal and policy framework
Achieved

The department provided secretariat support for the COAG Review Committee, including organising and facilitating six public hearings in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide and Canberra and an online portal for electronic submissions. This process ensured proper community consultation and stakeholder confidence in the Review process.

The department assisted the Independent National Security Legislation Monitor to review counter-terrorism and national security legislation, contributed to Parliamentary Joint Committees on Intelligence and Security inquiry and provided support to the Independent Reviewer of Adverse Security Assessments.
Effective legislative and policy frameworks and conduct of casework that bring people to justice while maintaining suitable safeguards and accountability mechanisms
Achieved

The COAG review of counter-terrorism legislation trials and prosecutions are a clear recognition that the laws have proved effective and necessary and ongoing review processes ensure suitable safeguards and accountability mechanisms continue to be maintained.

The department's International Crime Cooperation Central Authority (ICCCA) administers the Extradition Act 1988 and Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987. In 2012-13 the ICCCA continued its significant contribution to international criminal investigations and prosecutions obtaining evidentiary material and extraditing persons to face prosecution or serve sentences. The caseload associated with this work is reported in Appendix 6.


Implementation of a framework for addressing serious and organised crime
Achieved

The department continued to implement the Organised Crime Strategic Framework, including coordinating the development of a $149.9 million package to combat gangs and organised crime nationally, developing legislation to improve the ability of Australian Government officials to detect and respond to corruption, and to strengthen the aviation and maritime sectors against infiltration by serious and organised crime.
Australia's international crime cooperation frameworks are maintained and strengthened
Achieved

The department implemented significant reforms to legislation which ensure Australian authorities are equipped with the appropriate tools to assist foreign counterparts in the investigation and prosecution of serious criminal offences, while maintaining appropriate safeguards.
Identifiable progress on legislative and operational initiatives undertaken with foreign countries
Achieved

The department continued to build strong regional legal frameworks and to strengthen capacity in the Pacific, Asia and Africa, helping to create a coordinated response to tackling transnational crime, and promoting a stable and secure region. Key achievements included collaboration with:
  • Sri Lanka to strengthen people smuggling and transnational crime laws
  • Pakistan and Indonesia to strengthen counter-terrorism laws
  • Tonga, Kiribati, the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu to modernise policing laws to improve governance and accountability measures
  • African Union to develop a set of transnational crime guides to assist policy makers to develop effective legal frameworks.

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