International crime cooperation arrangements
Australia's international crime cooperation relationships with other countries facilitate effective extradition, mutual assistance and international transfer of prisoner casework.
International crime cooperation relationships are generally governed by bilateral and multilateral treaties. Australia also has non-treaty arrangements with particular countries. A full list of countries with which Australia has an international crime cooperation relationship can be found in the following download:
The Australian Government processes all incoming and outgoing extradition requests in accordance with the Extradition Act 1988.
Australia can only accept an extradition request from a country that has been declared an extradition country under domestic regulations. There are five broad categories of extradition regulations. A list of these relationships can be found in the following downloads:
- Countries with which Australia has a bilateral extradition treaty
- Multilateral treaties with extradition obligations to which Australia is a signatory
- Members of the London Scheme with which Australia has an extradition relationship
- Countries with an extradition treaty with the UK that was inherited by Australia
- Regulation-based treaty relationships
Australia can make an extradition request to any country. However, in the absence of a treaty, whether the request will be accepted depends on the domestic laws of that country.
Mutual assistance arrangements
Australia can make or receive a request for mutual assistance from any country. There is no requirement for countries to be prescribed in regulations.
However, to facilitate mutual assistance, Australia has concluded a number of bilateral treaties on mutual assistance in criminal matters.
A full list of countries with which Australia has a bilateral treaty can be found in the downloads below:
Some of Australia’s mutual assistance relationships are governed by multilateral treaties. A list of these multilateral treaties can be found in the download below:
Australia can cooperate with other Commonwealth countries under the Harare Scheme relating to mutual assistance in criminal matters. This is a non binding arrangement, which aims to increase the level and scope of assistance rendered between Commonwealth Governments in criminal matters. It augments existing forms of co-operation, both formal and informal.
Mutual assistance requests are processed in accordance with the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987.
Australia can make a mutual assistance request to any country. However, in the absence of a treaty, whether the request is accepted will depend on the domestic laws of the country.
International transfer of prisoners arrangements
Australia can transfer prisoners to and from countries who have signed or acceded to the Council of Europe Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons.
Australia may also transfer prisoners to and from countries with which Australia has concluded a bilateral international transfer of prisoners treaty.
A list of these countries can be found in the following download: